Tax deducted at source (TDS), as the very name implies aims at collection of revenue at the very source of income. It is essentially an indirect method of collecting tax which combines the concepts of “pay as you earn” and “collect as it is being earned.” Its significance to the government lies in the fact that it prepones the collection of tax, ensures a regular source of revenue, provides for a greater reach and wider base for tax. At the same time, to the tax payer, it distributes the incidence of tax and provides for a simple and convenient mode of payment. TDS returns are due quarterly.
Who is liable to deduct TDS?
The statute requires deduction of tax at source from the income under the head salary. As such the existence of “employer-employee” relationship is the “sine-qua-non” for taxing a particular receipt under the head salaries. Such a relationship is said to exist when the employee not only works under the direct control and supervision of his employer but also is subject to the right of the employer to control the manner in which he carries out the instructions. Thus the law essentially requires the deduction of tax when;
(a) Payment is made by the employer to the employee.
(b) The payment is in the nature of salary and
(c) The income under the head salaries is above the maximum amount not chargeable to tax.
Penalty for late filing of TDS returns:
Delay in furnishing the eTDS statement will result in a mandatory fees of Rs. 200 per day, the total fees should not exceed the total amount of TDS made for the quarter. The penalty for non filing of TDS return for more than one year from the specified date is a minimum Rs 10,000 to Rs 1 lakh.
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